Machinery Lubrication Essentials – Techniques and Benefits

November 21, 2022

Machinery lubrication is the process of protecting and maintaining the internal functioning of machinery and its external components. The process involves the application of oil onto moving parts to reduce friction and wear and to provide a means to remove it when needed. There are two different types of machine lubrication: dry and wet. Dry lubrication uses products applied directly to moving parts without introducing water or other liquids into the system. On the other hand, wet lubrication uses products containing water or other liquids for direct application onto moving parts. A typical example of dry lubrication is using graphite powder as an anti-friction agent on machinery such as printing presses or machines. Graphite powders are available for this purpose because they have low viscosity properties, allowing them to penetrate deep into metal parts without causing excessive wear or damage over time due to their high hardness level. Different Types of Machine Lubrication We believe machine lubrication is a process of applying a film of lubricant to the moving parts of machines. This provides the bearings and gears with a layer of protection that prevents friction, wear and tear. The most common methods of machinery lubrication are:
  • Hydraulic Lubrication: Hydraulic oil pumps through pipes or hydraulic cylinders, which pressurize the oil. The pressure forces it through the system and into contact with all moving parts.
  • Pneumatic Lubrication: Air gets into pockets between moving parts to create an air cushion that improves lubricity.
  • Electrostatic Lubrication: Static electricity attracts excess oil to surfaces, where it collects on metal surfaces to form a thin film.

Why is Machinery Lubrication Important For Several Reasons?

  1. It reduces wear and tears on the machine, which lowers maintenance costs.
  2. It is less likely to cause damage to the machine or its components, so it does more often without worrying about damaging something irreplaceable or causing a safety hazard.
  3. The lubricant can help protect against corrosion, so less time available for worrying about keeping your machinery running smoothly!
The lubrication process of providing a controlled level of oil to a machine’s moving parts is the key to how we use machinery lubrication—done manually, through a simple pump and filter system, or by using a commercial machine lubrication system.

Where Do We Use Machine Lubrication?

The type of machine lubrication depends on the type of application and machine being operated. For example, in an agricultural application, different types of oils may be required for different types of equipment (e.g., tractors vs. mowers). Likewise, in manufacturing applications, different types of machines may operate at different speeds and under varying conditions (e.g., batch vs. continuous). The type of lubricant needed also depends on how often it is in use and how much wear occurs on its parts over time (i.e., how much maintenance is required). Machine lubrication is an important part of any industrial operation. The right machine lubrication system can help you achieve maximum production, improve efficiency, and reduce downtime. To keep your equipment running smoothly, you need a comprehensive machine lubrication system. This includes pumps, oil filters, grease filters, and coolers. A good machine lubricant should protect against wear, corrosion, and rust while being easy to clean.


Machinery lubrication is a necessary process. It keeps your machinery running smoothly and at the highest efficiency, which means you can produce more with less effort. Lubricants are the mainstay of machine lubrication systems. They reduce friction between metal parts, reducing wear and tear. Lubricants also help protect against corrosion, prevent rusting and oxidation, and extend the life of your machinery components. There are two types of commonly-used machine lubrication: dry and wet systems. A dry system uses a film of oil to coat the moving parts of equipment such as pumps, conveyors, turbines, and fans. The oil can be applied manually or by automatic equipment like a coating line or welder’s torch. A wet system uses water-based fluids mixed with additives such as grease or waxes to create a paste that coats friction surfaces between moving parts such as gears or shafts. If you need some other information about Machinery lubrication then visit our Harvard Filtration website.

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